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Step-by-Step Guide: How to Change a Flat Tire Safely, Quickly

When a car gets a flat tire, people usually count it as an inconvenience because most of us actually don’t know how to change a flat tire. And trust us, its no big deal. Changing a flat tire is very easy, and if you know the exact steps of how to change a flat tire and have all the requisite tools for it, its really a walk in the park.

In this blog post, we’ll take you through a step-by-step guide of changing a flat tire so that wherever you are going, you don’t make a mess out of your attempt to change a flat tire and you don’t sit around waiting for AAA or somebody else to come in and save the day. Here is everything you need to know about changing a flat tire. 

But wait: before you actually go about changing a flat tire, there are some tools that you will need to make sure everything goes smoothly without a hitch. While some of the tools that we will mention below come with your car like a jackstand and the wheel chocks, other tools like wrenches you will need to keep in your car. Ensure that these tools are properly installed in their place and even when it the trunk, they don’t rattle about the place loosely, damaging whatever equipment you might have in your trunk. 

Also Read : Flat Tire Solutions in Vaughan

Here’s how to change a flat tire, but first, here are the tools you will need for the job.

How to Change a Flat Tire: Tools Required for the Job

Obviously, changing a tire requires specialized tools for different purposes. Luckily, most of these tools come with the car. You can find most of them in the boot or the trunk of the car, under the carpeting. Here’s what you will find in it and what you will need. 

  • Wrench: A wrench is a tool that is used to remove the lug nuts that hold the tire in place. Many cars come with a four-sided wrench that helps getting the lug nuts off, whereas for normal passenger or commuter cars, a long-handled wrench should be in the toolkit. 
  • Jackstand: Many cars also come with a rudimentary jackstand which can be used to elevate the vehicle off the ground, making the removal process a lot easier. The jack will come with a rod that helps with the raising or lowering of the car. 
  • Wheel chocks: These are specialized tools designed to stop the car from rolling when it is placed on a jackstand. While these are not standard on many cars, alternatively, a brick or anything with a stable base may be used. 

Additionally, if you aren’t aware of the mounting or the jacking points of your car, you will need to consult the owner’s manual. Be very precise; mounting the car on the jackstand on the wrong points can seriously damage the underside of the car, and since the car won’t be lifted properly, might put you at risk while you’re changing the tire. 

Flat Tire Change Steps

Now, let us take you through the ten steps required to change the tire of a vehicle. 

  1. Ready the car

If you are driving the car while you burst a tire or notice a flat, you need to get off the road and park it somewhere safe, where oncoming traffic won’t be disrupted, preferably off the road. Once there, engage your handbrake and put the car in park. Get your equipment out from the trunk of your car and place it next to the wheel.

  1. Jam the wheels in place using the chocks

Firstly, take your wheel chocks and place them on the wheels not deflated. These chocks will keep the tires in place and won’t let the car roll when you mount it on the jackstands. While many cars do not come with chocks, you will need to make use of nearby bricks or stones if necessary. 

  1. Undo the lug or wheel nuts with the wrench

Start by taking your wrench and while the tire is still in contact with the ground, loosen up the lug nuts. A pro tip for loosening lug nuts is to always follow up the first lug nut with the diagonally opposite one, as it puts an equal amount of pressure on two opposite sides. Be mindful that if the tires haven’t been changed in a long time, considerable force might be required to get the lug nuts loose. 

  1. Place the jackstand and mount the car on it

Once the lug nuts have been loosened, don’t remove them just yet! Now, it is time to mount the car on the jackstand and to hoist the tire in the air. Start by locating the mount points or jack points for your car (usually located at the back of the front wheels, or at the front of the rear wheels). Once you have the mounting points identified, place the jack under it and pump it up till the wheel is completely off the ground. 

  1. Removing the flat tire

Once the tire is in the air, loosen and remove the lug nuts and pull the tire out of the bolts attached to the wheel. Be gentle and careful as excessive force might damage the parts or the wheel itself. 

  1. Installing/ mounting the spare tire

Once the deflated tire is out of the way, its time to mount the spare. Line up the bolts with the holes on the spare and mount the spare tire to the wheel, pushing it all the way to the back till it reaches the end and you feel a thud, stopping the wheel. 

  1. Doing/ tightening the lug nuts

Get the lug nuts on the spare wheel and while the tire is still in the air, start tightening them, but just like before, don’t tighten them all the way. Just get upto the point where the nuts start getting tight and then remove the wrench. 

  1. Lower the car, finish tightening those lug nuts

Once the spare is tightened up and is in place, start by lowering the car using the jackstand, bringing it to the ground. Once the suspension tenses up and the car fully sits on the road, remove the jackstand and tighten the lug nuts as much as possible. 

  1. Placing the tools, deflated tire back in the trunk

Place the equipment back in the tool kit or in the cutouts for each of them located in the boot. Whether or not you have passengers in the car and whether you think its safe to put the deflated tire in the back, don’t do it. Always make sure you place the tire in the trunk if the cutout allows for the tire to be mounted in it. Many newer cars use a spacesaver spare tire, whose cutout is not designed to hold a normal tire, so place it in the trunk and preferably tie it with the rope so it doesn’t move about in the trunk. 

  1. Check air pressure in spare

If you have the necessary equipment, and since spare tires are rarely checked up aside from when needed, check the air pressure in the spare tire and ensure it is up to the required pressure. If not, you could be putting additional strain on the engine while trying to drive with a deflated tire. Get your tire repaired as soon as possible and using the same steps, mount it back in place. 

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Magnum Autoclub treats your car to a higher standard of care and maintenance, all done by professionals and car experts! The automobile industry is riddled with uncertainty and dubious people overcharging you for parts your car does not need. Magnum Autoclub is here to not only dispel the existence of these mechanics, but also give you peace of mind for when you take your car for maintenance. Trust Magnum Autoclub to give your car the maintenance it needs and some more, and for it to perform absolutely incredibly.

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